Japs Attorney & Consultants

Email ID

yourattorneyatlaw@gmail.com contact@japsattorneys.com


B-1/72 Paschim Vihar, New Delhi- 63 1526 Rohini Law Chambers, Rohini Courts, Delhi

Call For Help

+91 9654508456
+91 7678159809


About Me

Karan Bir Singh is Attorney in the Law firm Japs Attorneys & Consultants since January 01, 2005 and is entrusted with Family law, Criminal Law, Civil Law, Trade Mark and Copyright matters as well as also deals in efficient structuring for business ventures, commercial transaction, investment structuring, estate planning, and asset protection, intellectual property rights protection and preparing contracts for business clients. 

Contact Info

Edit Template

False charges of rape

The Apex Court in Sonu v. State of U.P. quashed an FIR u/s 376 IPC (Punishment for Rape: Proposed Section 64 of The Bharariya Nyaya Sanhita, 2023) between former lovers on the ground that “there is no allegation that the promise to marry given to the second respondent (prosecutrix) was false at the inception”.

In another case of Pramod Suryabhan Pawar v. State of Maharashtra, the Supreme Court laid down as a litmus test to govern such matters: That a promise to marry is false and the intention of the maker when the promise was made was not to abide by it but to deceive the woman convincing her to engage in sexual relations, then it shall be considered as “misconception of fact”.

Relevance of consent

That the “consent” of a woman to make an offence u/s 375 (Rape: Proposed Section 63 of The Bharariya Nyaya Sanhita, 2023) must involve an active and reasoned deliberation towards the proposed act. The promise of marriage must have been a false promise, given in bad faith and with no intention of being adhered to at the time it was given.

Recently, the Kerala High Court in the case of Ramachandran @ Chandran v. State of Kerala & Anr., 2022 LiveLaw (Ker) 161, held that “We cannot ignore the social circumstances of the parties. The lack of consent has to be stated by the prosecutrix. The victim and accused were in a love relationship for more than ten years. The sexual act referred to only occurred just before the preparation for the marriage was made. The prosecution evidence itself would show that there was resistance from the parents of the accused to accept the marriage without dowry. In the absence of any other evidence on the side of the prosecution, the conduct of the accused can only be treated as a breach of promise”.

The Delhi High Court recently quashed a first information report (FIR) lodged against a man who was accused of rape on the promise of marriage by his would-be wife, after noting that the couple had settled their disputes and were living happily [AK v. State & Ors].

Chinnapandi v. State, Crl.A.(MD)No.211 of 2016: A case analysis

The High Court of Madras held that “The non-raising the resistance at the time of committing the sexual assault as from first time by the accused, it amounts to pre-consent. Accordingly, the consent given by the victim girl, cannot be held as a misconception of fact”.

The Madras High Court Justice R. Pongiappan was hearing an appeal filed to set aside the conviction of the accused u/s 376 (Punishment for Rape: Proposed Section 64 of The Bharariya Nyaya Sanhita, 2023) of the Indian Penal Code (IPC) who promised to marry the victim but didn’t marry her.

See also  Unlocking Evidences

Facts of the case

‘X’ the accused and ‘Y’ the prosecutrix were from the same village and they fell in love and they used to meet daily. ‘Y’ asked ‘X’ to marry her, but ‘X’ made a demand from ‘Y’ to establish a sexual relationship with him.

‘Y’ said that ‘X’ forced himself on her and committed sexual assault on her and she became pregnant. Later, when ‘Y’ requested ‘X’ to marry her, he refused the proposal and asked her to abort the fetus.

‘X’ refused to marry ‘Y’ and hence a complaint was lodged against him, the trial started, and the Additional Session Judge, Madurai, held ‘X’ guilty for the offence of rape u/s 376 of I.P.C (Punishment for Rape: Proposed Section 64 of The Bharariya Nyaya Sanhita, 2023) and ‘X’ was convicted.

Court’s observations

It was noted by the Court that ‘Y’ complained about the act after a period of 2.5 months from occurrence of the incidence and ‘Y’ said before the Court that there was a relationship between ‘X’ and ‘Y’.

It was noted by the Court that ‘Y’ herself accepted that there was a love affair between ‘X and Y’ and they have been meeting regularly. That she filed a complaint after a long time when ‘X’ did not marry her as he promised. Hence, here the contention is not that ‘X’ had sexually assaulted her but it is that ‘X’ did not fulfil his promise of marrying her.

It was further noted by the Court that only after X’s promise, ‘Y’ continued her relationship with him. It was not found anywhere in the evidence that the appellant had given any definite date or any timeline to marry her. Eventually ‘Y’ conceived and insisted that the marriage should be performed soon and that is when the appellant suggested for abortion. That the proposal was not accepted by ‘Y’ and ‘X’ disowned the promise, hence the instant case was registered. Hence the averments of ‘Y’ cannot be relied upon as she cannot produce any relevant evidence supporting her claims.

See also  Legal requirements for Mobile App ecommerce business in India

Decision of the Court

It was noted by the Court that the act of ‘Y’ reveals that she submitted herself on carnal pleasures to ‘X’ on the promise of marriage.

The Court further noted that on the date of occurrence of the offence ‘X and Y’ both were major and nowhere it was found in the evidence that the appellant had given any definite date or any timeline to marry the prosecutrix.

It was noted by the Court that on the date of occurrence, ‘X and Y’ both were major and there was no evidence produced that a fixed date for marriage was promised. ‘Y’ had complained about the issue that ‘X’ did not keep his promise, and the Court stated that “The said circumstances reveals the fact that during the relevant point of time, the prosecutrix was also willing and the accused had also promised to marry her once after the completion of his brother’s marriage.”

It added that “Acting on such assurance, the prosecutrix started cohabiting with the accused and the same was continued for several months during which period the accused spent most of the evening hours with her. Eventually, when she conceived and insisted that the marriage should be performed as quickly as possible, the appellant suggested for abortion. Since the proposal was not accepted by the prosecutrix, the appellant disowned the promise and ultimately, the case has been registered”.

While acquitting ‘X’ the Court stated that “In the light of the above discussions and the reason that the evidence given by PW1 is attracted, in respect to the preparation of complaint as well as in respect to the evidence given by the Doctor, I had a doubt whether the prosecutrix has approached the Police is with full of truth or with false averment. The accused is entitled to avail the benefit now arises as above. Accordingly, the Criminal Appeal is allowed and the conviction and sentence imposed on the appellant/first accused, by the learned Additional Sessions Judge cum Mahila Court, Madurai, in S.C.No.366 of 2011, dated 18.05.2016, is set aside and the appellant/first accused is acquitted.”

The Court also expressed doubts in respect to the preparation of complaint by the victim as well as in respect to the evidence given by the Doctor, and therefore, allowing the Criminal Appeal, the conviction and sentence imposed on the appellant/first accused, was set aside and the appellant/first accused was acquitted of all the charges.

See also  Mediation Strategies


There are several laws for women that protects their rights and ensures their liberty. But men have been constantly struggling and they have to fight for their rights. Hence, the enactment of laws has given relief to women but not men. Let’s have a look below that shall clarify the contention that women have been misusing the favouring provisions.


What do you think?

Related Articles

Everything about the new divorce law in India

The now historic words were spoken by the Union Minister of Law and Justice in the Parliament while debating the Controversial “Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Bill” which was passed by the Rajya Sabha on 31st July, after being cleared by the Lok Sabha on 25th July and finally made into law after the Presidential Assent on 1st August.

The issue of the Islamic practice of Triple talaq is not a recent one. In fact, it is one of the select few socio/religious issues which has actively captured the imagination of the Politics of our country for a period of at least four decades, the others being the Artcile 370, Uniform Civil Code and the construction of a Grand Ram Mandir.


Procedure of Contested Divorce in India

In 2023, India implemented substantial changes to divorce proceedings through amendments to the Hindu Marriage Act, particularly affecting the Hindu community. These modifications are noteworthy and involve expanded grounds for divorce, encompassing factors such as adultery, mental or physical cruelty, desertion, conversion, and the irretrievable breakdown of a marriage. Unlike the previous law that primarily addressed physical violence and harassment as forms of mental cruelty, the updated regulations now include a broader range of actions, such as financial neglect and impeding child access.