Japs Attorney & Consultants

Email ID

yourattorneyatlaw@gmail.com contact@japsattorneys.com


B-1/72 Paschim Vihar, New Delhi- 63 1526 Rohini Law Chambers, Rohini Courts, Delhi

Call For Help

+91 9654508456
+91 7678159809


About Me

Karan Bir Singh is Attorney in the Law firm Japs Attorneys & Consultants since January 01, 2005 and is entrusted with Family law, Criminal Law, Civil Law, Trade Mark and Copyright matters as well as also deals in efficient structuring for business ventures, commercial transaction, investment structuring, estate planning, and asset protection, intellectual property rights protection and preparing contracts for business clients. 

Contact Info

Edit Template

Divorce refers to the legal termination of a marriage, and in India, the laws governing divorce can vary based on the personal laws associated with the parties’ religions, similar to marriage laws.

In the Indian legal system, the divorce process typically commences with the submission of a divorce petition. The procedure unfolds as one party initiates the filing of the divorce petition, serving notice to the other party involved.

If your relationship with your spouse has deteriorated, and both parties mutually decide to legally separate, you can opt for a ‘mutual divorce’ under the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955. Alternatively, even if one party is unwilling to agree to a divorce, the option of a ‘contested divorce’ exists. This guide covers the steps and procedures involved in both types of divorces.

What are the types of divorce under Hindu law?

The Hindu Marriage Act of 1955 governs divorce according to Hindu law, categorizing it into two primary classifications:

Mutual Divorce: In the case of a mutual consent divorce, both partners agree to end their marriage amicably, as outlined by Section 13-B of the Hindu Marriage Act. This option is chosen when issues such as alimony and child custody need resolution, and pre-determining these matters becomes essential for the spouses. Before filing for a mutual divorce, the spouses must meet the requirement of living separately for at least one year.

Contested Divorce: Contested divorces arise when one spouse desires a divorce, but a mutual agreement cannot be reached beforehand. These divorces necessitate careful handling since there might be limited evidence to support the claims of either party, particularly concerning matters like alimony and child custody in court. Although contested divorces often do not result in amicable solutions between couples, they can provide an avenue for those stuck in a challenging marriage with no apparent alternative.

Where can you file the Divorce Petition?

The filing of the divorce petition can take place at the family court with jurisdiction over your matrimonial home, referring to the residence where you currently reside or last lived as a married spouse after the wedding. Alternatively, it can be submitted at the family court where the marriage initially occurred. For women, the option exists to file the petition either in the family court with jurisdiction over the location of the matrimonial home or in the family court corresponding to the locality where she currently resides at the time of filing the petition.

See also  Multiple Maintenance Provisions – Paradise of the Hindu Wife

Things to Remember Before Approaching Court for Divorce

Choosing to get a divorce is a significant decision that warrants careful consideration. Rushing into the process should be avoided. Couples should refrain from hastily opting for divorce, as there may be opportunities for reconciliation if both partners are open to trying. Even when reconciliation seems improbable, making efforts to persuade your spouse to reconsider can lead to positive outcomes. If these attempts prove unsuccessful, the option of a mutual consent divorce, with minimal complications, becomes available.

In cases where one spouse desires a divorce but encounters resistance from the other, a contested divorce becomes necessary. To pursue a contested divorce, meeting one or more legally defined grounds for divorce is essential. This typically occurs when couples face irreconcilable differences and disagree on obtaining a court-issued divorce decree. In these challenging scenarios, seeking advice from experienced family court lawyers can prove highly valuable.

Rights for Both Men and Women during divorce proceedings

  1. Entitlement to Legal Representation: Each spouse has the option to engage a divorce attorney for assistance throughout the proceedings.
  2. Right to a Just Trial: Both parties possess the right to a fair trial, wherein evidence and arguments are evaluated before a verdict is rendered.
  3. Entitlement to Alimony or Maintenance: The husband or the wife is eligible to receive alimony or maintenance, contingent upon their financial situation and needs.
  4. Child Custody and Visitation Entitlements: Both parents have the opportunity to pursue custody of their children and request visitation rights, with determinations made in the best interest of the child.

Specific Rights for Men

Safeguard from Untrue Dowry and Cruelty Accusations: Both parents can request custody of their children, and visitation decisions are made in the child’s best interest.

Ownership Entitlements: Within marriage, men possess the right to an equitable distribution of property and debts according to applicable property division laws.

Specific Rights for Women

Entitlement to Maintenance: In divorce, women have the right to ask for financial support from their spouse, especially if they depend on them financially or have custody of children. This right applies during and after the divorce.

See also  Age Determination of Rape Victim

Protection from Domestic Violence: Every woman has the right to be protected from domestic violence. When necessary, they can seek restraining orders or protection orders for their safety.

Ownership Rights to Stridhan: In marriage, women have the right to own their “Stridhan,” which includes gifts, jewelry, and assets given to them.
Child Custody: In child custody cases, women typically have a strong case if they can demonstrate that it is in the best interest of the child.

How a mother can financially protect her child in case of a divorce

Preparing for divorce is essential, especially considering the emotional toll it can take on the entire family, especially the children. To ensure your child’s financial future is protected, as a mother, it’s crucial to take proactive steps. Familiarize yourself with the family’s financial landscape, including investments and assets, and collaborate with both lawyers to shield them from potential court decisions.

Reviewing and adjusting life insurance policies is another important measure to secure your child’s financial well-being during a divorce. Explore the possibility of establishing trust funds or savings accounts dedicated to covering future expenses such as education, housing, or medical costs. Lastly, crafting a well-thought-out budget for life after divorce will enable you to make informed decisions about income, expenses, and investments. This not only guarantees your own financial stability but also establishes a robust financial groundwork for the future care of your children.

Common challenges people often face during the divorce procedure

Emotional Struggles: Going through a divorce involves dealing with emotions like sadness, anger, anxiety, and grief. It’s crucial to acknowledge these feelings and seek emotional support.

Legal Complexity: The divorce process can be confusing due to different laws and procedures in various regions. To ensure a smooth journey, consult with an experienced attorney for guidance.

Financial Worries: Divorce can bring financial instability, with concerns about property, alimony, child support, and legal expenses. Planning and budgeting become vital during this time.

Child Custody and Support: Deciding on child custody and support can be emotionally challenging and legally complex. The main focus should always be on what is in the best interest of the children.

See also  Passport Renewal with 498A

Property Division: Dividing assets and debts acquired during a marriage can lead to disagreements, and these laws may differ by location.

Communication and Conflict: Communication issues and conflicts with your spouse can slow down the divorce process. Consider mediation or counseling to resolve disagreements more peacefully.

Legal Requirements: Meeting legal requirements for divorce can be tricky, especially regarding residency and waiting periods, particularly in mutual consent divorce cases.

Delay and Lengthy Process: Legal proceedings can be prolonged and stressful due to court schedules and backlog, causing uncertainty for those involved.

Privacy and Disclosure: Divorce proceedings are often public, which may make people uncomfortable if they value their privacy.
Social Stigma: In certain societies, divorce is viewed negatively, making it tough for people to seek help or talk openly about their situation.

Religious and Cultural Challenges: Obtaining a divorce can become more complex when religious or cultural beliefs clash with legal obligations.
Co-Parenting and Adjustment: Adapting to life after divorce, managing co-parenting, and establishing a new routine can be challenging.

What can be the repercussions if Divorce is not granted in India?

Divorce ranks among the most emotionally challenging events for any couple. In India, the complexity and cost further intensify, especially when the divorce is not based on mutual consent. Even couples who agree to divorce must convince the court that they have lived separately for over a year for their petition to be considered. The ordeal persists until the process concludes, adding to the strain for the couple. In such circumstances, if the divorce is not granted, it compounds the trauma for both the couple and their family. Hiring an attorney becomes crucial to expedite the process, minimizing delays and sparing the individual and their family from the arduous divorce procedure.

Here are some tips before you fix your consultation

  • Create a checklist of your goals and desired outcomes to discuss.
  • Compile all documentation related to jointly acquired assets and debts.
  • Prepare a specific list of questions tailored to your situation to ask the lawyer.


What do you think?

Related Articles

Everything about the new divorce law in India

The now historic words were spoken by the Union Minister of Law and Justice in the Parliament while debating the Controversial “Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Bill” which was passed by the Rajya Sabha on 31st July, after being cleared by the Lok Sabha on 25th July and finally made into law after the Presidential Assent on 1st August.

The issue of the Islamic practice of Triple talaq is not a recent one. In fact, it is one of the select few socio/religious issues which has actively captured the imagination of the Politics of our country for a period of at least four decades, the others being the Artcile 370, Uniform Civil Code and the construction of a Grand Ram Mandir.


Procedure of Contested Divorce in India

In 2023, India implemented substantial changes to divorce proceedings through amendments to the Hindu Marriage Act, particularly affecting the Hindu community. These modifications are noteworthy and involve expanded grounds for divorce, encompassing factors such as adultery, mental or physical cruelty, desertion, conversion, and the irretrievable breakdown of a marriage. Unlike the previous law that primarily addressed physical violence and harassment as forms of mental cruelty, the updated regulations now include a broader range of actions, such as financial neglect and impeding child access.